Indian Rivers

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Indian Rivers Disputes

Reasons for these disputes :

  • Decrease in water availability.
  • Deterioration in water quality.
S.No. Name of Tribunal States Concerned Date of Constitution
1. Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh & Odisha April, 1969
2. Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal –I Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka April, 1969
3. Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra October, 1969
4. Ravi & Beas Water Tribunal Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan April, 1986
5. Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Puduchery June, 1990
6. Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal –II Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra April, 2004
7. Vansadhara Water Disputes Tribunal Andhra Pradesh &Odisha February, 2010
8. Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra November, 2010

Including These :

  • Tungabhadra dispute between Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
  • Mahi river dispute between Gujarat, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Karmanasa river dispute between Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
  • Barak river dispute between Assam and Manipur.
  • Yamuna river dispute between Uttar Pradesh Haryana Himachal Pradesh Punjab Rajasthan Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.
  • Indira sagar (polavaram) project, Andhra Pradesh.
  • Babhali Barrage issue.
  • Mulla Periyar Dam issue.

Indian Rivers Their Origin & End

Rivers Length (KM) Origin End
Ganga 2,525 Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand Bay of Bengal at kolkata
Yamuna 1,376 Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
Brahmaputra 1,800 Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
Chambal 960 Tributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh Joins Yamuna river in UP
Son 784 Tributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
Gandak 630 Nepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam) Joins Ganga near Patna
Gomti 900 Tributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
Kosi 630 Starts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar

The Indus River System includes the following 6 major rivers :

Rivers Length (KM) Origin End
Indus 3180 Originates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K Merges into Arabina sea near Sindh
Chenab 960 Upper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh Merges with Indus
Jhelum 725 Tributary of Chenub river, Punjab Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
Ravi 720 Starts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh Joins Chenab in Pakistan
Sutlej 1500 Tributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
Beas 470 Rises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India

Western Ghats Rivers

Rivers Length (KM) Origin End
Kaveri 765 Talakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka Ends in Bay of Bengal
Krishna 1400 Originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
Godavari 1465 Starts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states Empties in Bay of Bengal
Tungabhadra 531 Tributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh

Vindhya and Satpura Ranges Rivers

Rivers Length (KM) Origin End
Tapti 724 Rises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh Empties into Gulf of Khambat, Gujarat
Mahi 580 Rises in Madhya Pradesh Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
Godavari 1465 Starts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states Empties in Bay of Bengal
Narmada 1315 Starts from Amaranth, Madhya Pradesh Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay